[TOC]

TDE 与 ADG 测试

说明:采用rman duplicate 进行搭建ADG,与常规的ADG相同,但是需要在 duplicate 之前,配置好tde,并将钱包打开。

ADG 建议配置自动登录钱包。

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ADMINISTER KEY MANAGEMENT CREATE  AUTO_LOGIN KEYSTORE FROM KEYSTORE '/etc/ORACLE/WALLETS/tdecdb' IDENTIFIED BY pwd200;

搭建DG,需要将源库的密钥复制到目标库,配置 sqlnet.ora ,然后启用Software Keystore,即可,以下是具体步骤。

0、复制源库的密钥到目标库的tde 钱包路径

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cd /etc/ORACLE/WALLETS/tdecdb/
scp ewallet.p12 oracle@目标ip:/etc/ORACLE/WALLETS/tdecdb

1、DG 配置 sqlnet.ora

编辑 $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/sqlnet.ora 新增 ENCRYPTION_WALLET_LOCATION 配置

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vi /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/network/admin/sqlnet.ora

ENCRYPTION_WALLET_LOCATION=
(SOURCE=
(METHOD=FILE)
(METHOD_DATA=
(DIRECTORY=/etc/ORACLE/WALLETS/tdecdb)))

2、DG 数据库启动到 mount 状态

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startup nomount

3、DG 启用 Software Keystore

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ADMINISTER KEY MANAGEMENT SET KEYSTORE OPEN IDENTIFIED BY Password23;

4、rman dumpicate 搭建 DG

配置归档模式

主库进行如下操作进行force logging和归档配置

配置 force logging 模式

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ALTER DATABASE FORCE LOGGING;

配置归档模式

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shutdown immediate
startup mount
alter database archivelog;
alter database open;

检查归档模式

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SQL> select LOG_MODE, FORCE_LOGGING from v$database;

LOG_MODE FOR
------------ ---
ARCHIVELOG YES

SQL>

配置静态监听及tns

DG 上配置静态配置 /data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1

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vi  /data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/network/admin/listener.ora
新增
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = orcl)
(ORACLE_HOME = /data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = orcl)
)
)

重启监听

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lsnrctl stop
lsnrctl start

配置 tns

主从都修改 tnsnames.ora,新增如下信息

cd /data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/network/admin

vi tnsnames.ora

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orcldg1 =
(description =
(address = (protocol = tcp)(host = 8.8.31.170)(port = 1521))
(connect_data =
(server = dedicated)
(service_name = orcl)
)
)

orcl =
(description =
(address = (protocol = tcp)(host = 8.8.31.70)(port = 1521))
(connect_data =
(server = dedicated)
(service_name = orcl)
)
)

测试 tns

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[oracle@ecsdbdg1 admin]$ tnsping orcl

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 04-MAR-2022 22:17:43

Copyright (c) 1997, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:
/data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/network/admin/sqlnet.ora


Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (description = (address = (protocol = tcp)(host = 8.8.31.70)(port = 1521)) (connect_data = (server = dedicated) (service_name = orcl)))
OK (20 msec)
[oracle@ecsdbdg1 admin]$ tnsping orcldg1

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on 04-MAR-2022 22:17:51

Copyright (c) 1997, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:
/data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/network/admin/sqlnet.ora


Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (description = (address = (protocol = tcp)(host = 8.8.31.170)(port = 1521)) (connect_data = (server = dedicated) (service_name = orcl)))
OK (0 msec)
[oracle@ecsdbdg1 admin]$

新增 redo log file 和 standby log file

主库上进行 redo log file 和 standby log file 操作

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 alter database add logfile group 4'/data/oracle/app/oradata/orcl/redo04.log' size 600m;
alter database add logfile group 5'/data/oracle/app/oradata/orcl/redo05.log' size 600m;
alter database add logfile group 6'/data/oracle/app/oradata/orcl/redo06.log' size 600m;
/data/oracle/oradata/
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 11 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo01.log') size 629145600;
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 12 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo02.log') size 629145600;
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 13 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo03.log') size 629145600;
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 14 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo04.log') size 629145600;
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 15 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo05.log') size 629145600;
alter database add standby logfile thread 1 group 16 ('/data/oracle/oradata/sty_redo06.log') size 629145600;

主库修改数据库参数

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alter system set log_archive_config='dg_config=(orcl,orcldg1)';
alter system set log_archive_dest_1='location=/data/oracle/arch valid_for=(all_logfiles,all_roles) db_unique_name=orcl';
alter system set log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=orcldg1 lgwr async valid_for=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,primary_role) db_unique_name=orcldg1';
alter system set standby_file_management='AUTO';
alter system set fal_server=orcldg1;
alter system set log_archive_dest_state_2=enable;

复制密码文件到备库

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cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs
scp scp orapworcl 8.8.31.170:/data/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1/

备库启动数据库实例

备库创建审计日志目录

sqlplus sys/Password123@orcl as sysdba

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mkdir -p  /data/app/oracle/admin/orcl/adump

备库启动数据库实例到 nomount 状态

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cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs
touch initorcl.ora
echo "db_name=orcl">initorcl.ora

rman duplicate 搭建DG从库

rman 登录数据库

oracle 用户执行 rman 命令,然后使用如下脚本进行DG搭建。

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connect target sys/Password123@orcl 
connect auxiliary sys/Password123@orcldg1
run {
allocate channel c1 type disk;
allocate channel c2 type disk;
allocate channel c3 type disk;
allocate channel c4 type disk;
allocate auxiliary channel s1 type disk;
allocate auxiliary channel s2 type disk;
allocate auxiliary channel s3 type disk;
allocate auxiliary channel s4 type disk;
duplicate target database
for standby
from active database nofilenamecheck
dorecover
spfile
parameter_value_convert 'orcl','orcl'
set db_unique_name='orcldg1'
set cluster_database='false'
set fal_server='orcl'
set remote_listener=''
set local_listener=''
set standby_file_management='AUTO'
set log_archive_config='dg_config=(orcl,orcldg1)'
set log_archive_dest_1='location=/data/oracle/arch valid_for=(all_logfiles,all_roles) db_unique_name=orcldg1'
set log_archive_dest_2='SERVICE=orcl lgwr async VALID_FOr=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,primary_role) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=orcl'
set log_archive_dest_state_2='enable'
;
sql channel c1 "alter system archive log current";
sql channel s1 "alter database open";
sql channel s1 "alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect";
}

查看DG数据同步详情

查看脚本为 /home/oracle/dginfo.sh,内容如下

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#!/usr/bin/env sh
sqlplus / as sysdba <<EOF
set lines 123
set pages 200
col CTIME format a20
col NAME format a20
col VALUE format a20
col DATUM_TIME format a20
show parameter service_name
select open_mode, DATABASE_ROLE from v\$database;
SELECT TO_NUMBER( SUBSTR ( (SUBSTR (VALUE, 5)), 0, 2) * 3600 + SUBSTR ( (SUBSTR (VALUE, 5)), 4, 2) * 60 + SUBSTR ( (SUBSTR (VALUE, 5)), 7, 2)) dgbehind, TO_CHAR (SYSDATE, 'yyyymmdd hh24:mi:ss'
) CTIME, NAME, VALUE,DATUM_TIME FROM V\$DATAGUARD_STATS WHERE NAME ='apply lag';
select process,block#,blocks ,status ,sequence# from v\$managed_standby;
exit
EOF

使用方法:

使用 oracle 用户 执行 sh dginfo.sh

image-20220307164108078

原文作者: liups.com

原文链接: http://www.liups.com/posts/542defa4/

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